The Game: Golf is a sport in which players use clubs to hit a small ball into a series of holes on a course. The objective of the game is to complete each hole in the fewest number of strokes possible. Golf courses are typically outdoors and can be made up of 9 or 18 holes, with each hole having a teeing ground, a fairway, and a green with a flagstick and a cup.

The Tests: There are several tests that are commonly used to evaluate the quality and playability of golf course surfaces. The turfgrass quality test evaluates the overall health and appearance of the turfgrass, including factors such as color, density, and uniformity. The ball roll test measures the distance and speed at which a golf ball travels on the surface, which can indicate the firmness and consistency of the turfgrass. The stimpmeter tool measures the speed of a ball rolling on the green surface. The infiltration rate test measures how quickly water is able to penetrate the soil and reach the roots of the turfgrass. The compaction test measures the density of the soil and can indicate whether the turfgrass is experiencing compaction, which can negatively impact its health and playability. The organic matter test measures the amount of organic matter in soil, which is important for soil health and water-holding capacity. The pH test measures the acidity or alkalinity of soil. And finally, the nutrient levels test measures the levels of important nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in soil which are essential for turfgrass growth.

The Details: The international governing body for golf is the International Golf Federation (IGF), which is responsible for organizing and promoting international golf tournaments and for setting the rules and regulations for the sport. In addition to the IGF, there are also national governing bodies for golf in many countries around the world, such as the United States Golf Association (USGA) in the United States and the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews (R&A) in Scotland. These organizations are responsible for promoting and developing golf within their respective countries and for organizing national and international tournaments and events.