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Test Methods

Ball Trajectory Risk Assessment

Understanding ball trajectory is crucial in sports, not only for players and coaches but also for those involved in stadium development and management. Loose balls flying into crowded areas can pose a risk to life and property, making it...

Non-Watered Hockey Surfaces

Non-Watered Hockey Surfaces The International Hockey Federation (FIH) is pursuing synthetic turf surfaces that have the playing characteristics of wet turf but do not require watering to achieve them. It is an ambitious desire and one that looks difficult to...

Skin Injury Test

Skin Injury Test In many sports such as football, rugby, volleyball and handball, athletes frequently fall and slide at high  speed. One of the challenges manufacturers are facing is to create a surface that offers a low risk of skin...