The Futsal Game:
Futsal is a variant of association football that is played on a smaller, indoor pitch with five players on each team. The game is similar to soccer, but there are a few key differences. One of the main differences is the size of the pitch, which is smaller than a traditional soccer pitch and is usually made of wood or synthetic material. This smaller pitch allows for a faster and more intense game, with players needing to be quick and agile on their feet.
Another difference is the type of ball that is used in it. Futsal balls are typically smaller and heavier than soccer balls, with a shorter stitch count, which makes them easier to control and helps to keep the ball on the ground.
The Tests: Futsal requires specific surface, equipment and regulations. To ensure that the playing surfaces used for futsal meet the necessary safety and performance standards, several tests are commonly performed. The playing surface must be a flat, hard and smooth surface, typically made of wood, synthetic materials or rubber. It is important to check the surface for levelness, as uneven playing surface can cause injuries to the players.
It is also required to measure the coefficient of friction of the playing surface to ensure that it provides enough traction for the players to move around safely. Measuring the vertical deformation of the playing surface indicates the cushioning and impact absorption. It is important to ensure the surface is free from any hazards, such as sharp edges or protruding nails.
The goalposts and nets used in futsal must also be inspected to ensure that they are safe and meet the necessary standards. Futsal also has regulations on the lighting, seating and other facilities that are required to be in place for the games.
The Details: The international governing body for it is the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), which is also the governing body for soccer. In addition to FIFA, there are also national governing bodies for futsal in many countries, such as the U.S.
Futsal Federation in the United States. These organizations are responsible for promoting and developing the sport of it within their respective countries and for organizing national and international tournaments and events.